Offical Name: Republik Österreich
Form of Government: Republic Democracy
Area: 83,871 km²
Populations: 8.7 million
Other major cities: Innsbruck, Salzburg, Hallstatt, Graz, Linz
Austria is a mountainous landlocked country, known for its picturesque landscape of valleys, magnificent mountains, alpine passes, ski resorts, evergreen forests, sparkling lakes, quaint villages, fairy tale castles, grandiose palaces, lavish baroque architecture and the mighty Danube River.
Austria has 10 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, namely:
Historic Centre of the City of Salzburg
Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn
Hallstatt–Dachstein / Salzkammergut Cultural Landscape
Semmering railway, Gloggnitz
City of Graz – Historic Centre and Schloss Eggenberg
Wachau Cultural Landscape
Fertö / Neusiedlersee Cultural Landscape
Historic Centre of Vienna
Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps* Attersee, Keutschach, Seewalchen am Attersee, Mondsee
Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe Dürrenstein, Kalkalpen
Austria's Imperial capital, Vienna, known as the ‘City of Music’, still resound some of the world’s best classical music by Mozart, Schubert, Strauss and Beethoven. The beautiful Staatsoper is one of the world’s leading opera house. The Vienna Philharmonic Orchestra and The Vienna Boys' Choir are one of the world’s best! It is also renowned for The Spanish Riding School and their world-famous Lipizzaner horses and…Arnold Schwarzenegger!
Most of the main Viennese monuments, impressive imperial buildings and beautifully ornamented palaces such as the Austrian Parliament building, Hofburg and the Vienna State Opera are massed along the Ring Road, that was once the boundary of the old city wall. There are great markets, fantastic restaurants and atmospheric Viennese Cafes can be found along the boulevard. Rest your weary feet, enjoy local Viennese cafe and sachertorte in any of the street cafes while deciding where to visit next.
Palace and Gardens of Schönbrunn
From the 18th century to 1918, Schönbrunn was the residence of the Habsburg emperors. Maria Theresa, Emperor Franz Joseph, Empress Si Si once resided here. It is a remarkable Baroque ensemble and is full of outstanding examples of decorative art. Schönbrunn Palace, together with its magnificent gardens and the world's oldest zoo, were put on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is one of Austria’s most important cultural assets, and has been one of Vienna’s major tourist attractions, drawing millions of visitors each year.
Immerse yourself in the world of the Vienna Woods (Wienerwald) with its lush meadows, green idyll forests,
meandering paths, impressive buildings and the very special Viennese charm. The Vienna Woods is a recreational paradise full of action and history, music and wine.
Composers such as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, Franz Schubert, Johann Strauss and Ludwig van Beethoven
were inspired by the Vienna woods. A popular destination for hikers!
Vienna woods host Europe’s largest underground lake. Take a boat ride to explore the underground Seegrotto.
The imperial hunting lodge of Mayerling is the former hunting lodge of Crown Prince Rudolf and the original setting of the tragedy in 1889, where the Habsburg Crown Prince Rudolf and his mistress Vetsera took place. It was said that Rudolph shot Vetsera and then committed suicide. However, their death is still under mysterious circumstances.
Following the tragedy, Emperor Franz Josef I immediately converted the hunting lodge in a Karmelite monastery.
Heiligenkreuz Abbey, a Cistercian monastery founded in 1133, making it the oldest continuously occupied monastery in the world. Visit its Medieval cloisters, where you'll find the tombs of the last members of the Babenberg dynasty.
Baden bei Wien
This elegant spa town is the oldest spa town in Austria, which was once a favorite country retreat of Beethoven.
His residences is now a museum and open to public. It is famous for its beneficial sulphurous mineral springs with a natural temperature of up to 36 degree Celsius. The curative water is the basis for numerous treatments,
wellness or just bathing fun!