Offical name: Czech Republic (Czechia)
Form of Government: Parliamentary Democracy
Currency: Czech koruna
Area: 78,866 km²
Population: 10.6 million
Other major cities: Brno, Cesky Krumlov, Karlovy Vary, Kutná Hora, Olomouc Pilsen, Telc
Czechia is known for its seemingly endless landscape of beautiful architecture, medieval towns, stunning castles, sloping vineyards, eye-watering forests and mountains.
It's a crossroads of many cultures and architectural styles of all times. From Bohemian Gothic to Bohemian, Baroque through Renaissance, all its buildings are very well preserved.
Prague, the capital, is one of the best preserved medieval cities in the world. Setting on both banks of the Vltava River , it is also one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.
Known as ‘City of a Hundred Spires’, it is brim with Gothic wonders, lovely domed churches and majestic spires over many rooftops, that make Prague one of the world's architectural gems. It was inscribed as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1992.
Famous for the most castle-rich country in Europe, Czechia has more than 200 castles across the country. Prague castle is listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest ancient castle in the world. The mighty Castle located on the crown of the hill, dominating Prague's skyline, was once the home of Bohemia's kings and today is the official residence of the president.
Within the castle walls are a number of Prague's most popular tourist sites, including St. Vitus Cathedral, final resting place of Bohemian kings; St. George's Basilica, the Powder Tower, the Old Royal Palace and the Golden Lane, a picturesque street of colourful houses, full of history and few fun legends.
The castle offers splendid views over the Vltava River with the old town and its many beautiful spires in the background.
One of the most enjoyable and memorable experiences of visiting Prague is strolling across the 14th-century Charles Bridge, lined with the Baroque statues of Saints. . It spans across the Vltava river and connects Old Prague Center to Prague Castle area (Mala Strana).
Old Town Square
Despite Prague’s history of invasions, the Old Town Square has remained relatively untouched since the 10th Century.
Here, you'll find the Gothic Church of Our Lady before Týn, St. Nicholas Church, the Old Town Hall and its famous Astronomical clock, as well as many other splendid old architectures dating back as far as the 11th century. In front of the Church of Our Lady before Týn, stands the statue of the reformer Jan Hus (John Huss), one of the most important personalities in Czech history, who was burnt as a heretic for reformist ideas a hundred years before the Protestant Reformation led by Martin Luther.
The 15th century Astronomical clock, one of the greatest treasures of the city, still amazes people with its procession of Apostles, moving statues and visualization of time like no other instrument in the world.
Prague's New Town (Nové Mesto), built in the 14th century during the reign of Charles IV as a horse market and has since become one of the city's most important public spaces, still used for demonstrations and celebrations.
The National Museum
The National Museum is located at the top of Wenceslas Square. Opened in 1890, the museum is home to natural history, geology, palaeontology, archaeology and prehistory of Bohemia, Moravia and Slovakia.
The Municipal House
Built in 1912, the Prague Municipal House is regarded as one of the finest examples of Art Nouveau in the city. This splendid civic building is also home to one of Prague's largest concert venues, Smetana Hall.
The Dancing House (Tancící dum)
Prague's most outstanding modern architectural creation, built between 1992 and 1996, a collaboration between Croatian-Czech architect Vlado Milunić and Canadian-American architect Frank Gehry. Consisting of two adjoining towers, this splendid structure features unique curves that resemble two dancing figures.
Brno, the second largest city, is a bustling university city that’s full of energy and excitement.It's a city with a long tradition in motor racing and trade fairs.
Located in South Bohemia, is one of the most picturesque towns in Europe. An Unesco World Heritage Site with a stunning castle above the Vltava River, medieval cobblestone laneways, and a quaint collection of shops, cafes, and restaurants. The medieval architecture creates a fairy-tale-like atmosphere throughout the entire city. Nearby, the huge white Neo-Gothic Hluboká Castle is said to be the most beautiful of the Czechia’s many fine castles.