Offical name: Repubblica Italiana
Form of Government: Republic Democracy
Area: 301.338 km²
Population: 61 million
Other major cities: Florence, Genoa, Milan, Venice, Pisa, Turin, Naples, Palermo.
Italy, a new nation with a very old civilization. Its capital, Rome was founded in 753BC.
After the Roman Empire broke down, there were many separate kingdoms and city states. Italy became one nation only in 1861 with Victor Emmanuel II as King for the Kingdom of Italy .
Venice Square, Rome
By Clarence Alford - Pixabay
By Karim Ben Van - Unsplash
Around 40% of Italy is made up of mountains. The 2 main mountains ranges in Italy are the Alps and Apennine that form the physical backbone of peninsular Italy. The highest point of Italy is called Monte Bianco, along the French border. It is also the highest mountain in Europe.
Sea lovers can enjoy the magnificent views of the ocean in Sardinia, Sicily or the Riveria. Italy has long stretches of sparkling coastline, more than 7600 km, many postcard-perfect coastal villages.
Each with its own panorama of breathtaking ocean views.
There are countless UNESCO World heritage sites dotted around Italy. It has more UNESCO World Heritage Sites than any other country as well as museums which are full of masterpieces created by artists such
as Michelangelo, Raphael, and da Vinci.
Italy is deivided into twenty regions, with one hundred and ten provinces which are subdivided into eight thousand, one hundred comune. Every region and city features a different atmosphere, has its own unique charm, its own traditions and preserved their centuries-old flair.
By Serge WOLFGANG - Pixabay.jpg
By Mark Skillen - Pixabay
Italy is the only country with 2 independent states resting within its borders;
Vatican City, the Holy land of Catholic pilgrims and the treasure of arts and the mountain top
Republic of San Marino, the oldest republic in the world.
By Go Travelling, Public Domain
Republic of San Marino
By Vilve Roosioks - Pixabay
Area: 0.44 sq km
Vatican City is the world’s smallest independent state in both size and population, It has its own flag, anthem, and license plates and makes its own stamps and coins, although it uses the euro as currency .
Area: 61 sq km
Europe’s third smallest country in
It sits atop Mount Titano, a limestone rock, looms above the surrounding hills, providing sweeping views of Italy.
The nation’s stamps are favorites among collectors.
Italy has so much to offer. The variety of attractions in the country is so great that there’s something for
everyone to love it. Be it walking down the glorious past in Rome, strolling along the lovely lakeshore or lazing on the stunning beaches, browsing galleries in the shopping streets, immersing in culture, impeccable architecture, a wealth of historical monuments, savoury cuisine, wine tasting in the world-class vineyards, driving a Ferrari or Lamborghini in Maranello or a date with Andrea Bocelli! Italy has it all! It is arguably a must-see destination for many European tours.
And..... the Italians are warm and full of passion! No wonder Italy continues to draw people in –
as it has for centuries.
Other intriguing sites of interest
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