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Benvenuto in


Nome ufficiale: Repubblica di Polonia


Capitale: Varsavia


Forma di Governo: Repubblica Parlamentare


Valuta: Złoty (PLN)


Area: 312.685 km²


Popolazione: 38 milioni


Altre città importanti: Cracovia, Danzica, Breslavia, Poznan, Katowice, Gdynia, Zakopane

By Henryk Niestrój - Pixabay 

La Polonia offre bellezze naturali e una storia e cultura ricca e intrigante. Il paese ha sofferto più della maggior parte durante la seconda guerra mondiale e gran parte del paese è stato restaurato dopo il 1945, per la loro antica bellezza. È un paese europeo moderno, ricco di cultura ed energia.

Gli amanti della natura possono godersi i laghi idilliaci della nazione, le foreste di smeraldi e le montagne mozzafiato. Il distretto lacustre di Mazury è perfetto per gli sport acquatici e le località lungo la costa baltica sono famose per le destinazioni balneari con città portuale di Danzica e Castello di Malbork. I Monti Tatra sono ideali per il trekking e lo sci. Per gli amanti della storia che vogliono saperne di più sulla Seconda Guerra Mondiale, i 3 campi di concentramento racconteranno la storia completa dell'orrore di guerra. La foresta polacca di Bialowieza ospita la più grande popolazione mondiale di bisonti, o bisonti europei.


La capitale nazionale, Varsavia, moderna e dinamica, famosa per le sue vivaci scene della vita notturna, il Museo dell'insurrezione di Varsavia, i ristoranti di classe mondiale e l'affascinante architettura medievale.

Old Town

Immediately after the war, the Old town was restored to its pre-war condition, in a five-year reconstruction campaign by its citizens, resulted in today's meticulous restoration of a span of history covering the 13th to the 20th century. The Old town was inscribed as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1980.


The charming Square is flanked by many restaurants, café , Renaissance and Baroque merchants’ houses in a spectrum of colours. In the middle of the square stands a statue of the Warsaw Mermaid, the emblem and guardian of the city.

Krakowskie Przedmieście Street

After touring the Old Town, head along Krakowskie Przedmieście street, arguably the most elegant street of the city, on which many culturally important buildings and monuments are located. The one-mile long street, links the Old Town and the Royal Castle. You’ll see palaces, dignified monuments and eminent Polish institutions like the Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw University and the Presidential Palace.

Royal Castle

Located on Castle Square at the entrance to Old Town, Warsaw’s Royal Castle was the seat of the Polish royalty between the 16th and 18th centuries. The castle was completely destroyed by the German army during World War II and, because of the Communist regime, it was only reconstructed in the 1980s, but it blends into the Old Town’s atmosphere very well. The castle is a museum today, hosting an impressive collection of paintings and furniture from the 16th century. Among other great pieces, are two Rembrandt’s paintings.

Łazienki Park

Warsaw’s largest park , initially built as  royal baths and was enriched in the 18th century.  Hopping from one pavilions to another, marvelling at the sumptuous Łazienki Palace or just relaxing in the greenery.  One of the most prestigious monuments in the park is composer Frédéric Chopin, designed in 1907 in the Art Nouveau style. To understand more  about Chopin  and see his last piano, head to the Chopin Museum on Okolnik Street.

Warsaw Uprising Monument on Krasiński Square 

A tribute to the Polish insurgents who fought in the failed attempt to end their city's Nazi occupation in August 1944. Those who would like to get to know the turbulent yet fascinating contemporary history of the city should visit this museum. 

Palace of Culture and Science

The Palace of Culture and Science is the tallest building in Poland It is a multi-functional building that houses everything from companies to entertainment venues. You can access the Palace’s terrace on the 30th floor and enjoy a mesmerizing 360° view of Warsaw. 

Copernicus Science Centre

Poland’s top science museum opened in 2010 and has more than 400 interactive exhibits across six zones, each tackling a different field, from the Roots of Civilisation to the Lightzone, investigating the nature of light, and enable visitors to single-handedly carry out experiments and discover the laws of science for themselves. In the centre, there's also a 3D planetarium  where visitors can see more than just images of the starry sky and related films. The shows concern a variety of popular science issues, including from the field of astronomy, natural science and ethnography.

The Scence Centre is the largest institution of its type in Poland and one of the most advanced in Europe.

Wilanów Palace

Wilanow Palace is one of the most important monuments in Poland, representing what Poland was like before the 18th century. The palace was built as a home for King John III Sobieski. After his death the palace was owned by private families, each one changing the way the palace looked.

The royal palace survived WWII almost unscathed, and most of its furnishings and art were reinstalled after the war. Today, it is a museum that is home to the country’s artistic and royal heritage. It hosts several music festivals, including the summer concerts in the garden


Un'altra famosa città polacca è Cracovia

con il Castello di Wawel, un edificio rinascimentale ristrutturato. La città vecchia è affascinante: chiese luminose e vecchi edifici fiancheggiano le sue pittoresche piazze, la più grande piazza del mercato in Europa!

Wawel Castle

Wawel is a fortified architectural complex erected over many centuries atop a limestone  on the left bank of the Vistula river. The  refurbished complex consists of many impressive  historical  Renaissance buildings  and fortifications. The largest and best known of these are the Royal Castle and the Wawel Cathedral. The castle itself has been described as "one of the most fascinating of all European castles. Today, the Wawel is both a place of national pilgrimage and a popular tourist destination.

Old Town

Old Town is mesmerizing delightful churches and old buildings line its picturesque market square, the biggest square in Europe!

Sukiennice (Cloth Hall)

One of the symbols of city, a pearl of renaissance architecture, Sukiennice or the Cloth Hall is  Kraków’s oldest “commercial centre”. It was once a major centre of international trade, with its 'golden age' in the fifteenth century. Travelling merchants met there to discuss business and to barter. The hall was the source of a variety of exotic imports from the east- spices, silk, leather and wax,  while Kraków itself exported textiles, lead, and salt from the Wieliczka Salt Mine. In front of the Cloth Hall is the Statue of Adam Mickiewicz, a Polish poet, dramatist, and political activist. He is regarded as national poet in Poland.

Kościuszko Mound

Built by the citizens of Krakow in 1823, resting on top of Blessed Bronislawa Hill in honor of Polish national hero Tadeusz Kościuszko, who fought in the American War of Independence and later inspired an uprising against foreign rule in Poland. The hollow mound is made from soil brought from towns all over Poland. Inside, are urns with soil from the battlefields where Kościuszko fought.

Climb up to the peak for spectacular views of the city and neighboring Tatra Mountains. It sounds challenging, but the reward is astounding!

Next to the mound is a museum that displays artifacts relating to Kościuszko.

Papa Giovanni Paolo II (Karol Wojtya) trascorse 58 anni vivendo a Cracovia prima di essere eletto al papato.

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Pope John Paul 2.jpg
By Roman Polyanyk - Pixabay 
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By Pawel Swiegoda (Paberu) -, CC BY-SA 2.5

Oskar Schindler's Factory

Oskar Schindler's Enamel Factory  is a former metal item factory in Kraków, now hosts

a permanent exhibition entitled Kraków under Nazi Occupation 1939-1945,  one of the most interesting and important exhibitions to visit when in Krakow.


Oskar Schindler (1908-1974) was a German enterpreneur and a member of the Nazi party. He is credited with saving approximately 1200 Jews during the Holocaust by employing them in his factories.


His story became well-known to the public thanks to the popular Steven Spielberg's movie, Schindler's list (1993), one of the most heartbreaking stories in the history of mankind. Ever since then, his former factory has been crowded by tourists from all over the world.


Today, the story of the Holocaust victims in Nazi-occupied Kraków is brought closer to the visitors in this former Enamel Factory of Oskar Schindler .