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政治体制: 议会制共和制







 By Angel Hernandez -Pixabay 




里斯本是葡萄牙的首都, 位于塔霍河(Tagus River)的河岸上,,是最大的海港城市,也是欧洲最具魅力和活力的城市之一。里斯本轻松地将优秀的历史文化传承,与引人注目的现代主义和进步思想融为一体。

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Antique Trams

The distinctive quaint yellow trams screech and rattle through the narrow winding streets of the city are one of Lisbon’s most iconic symbols. These antique electric vehicles are the city’s most photographed public transportation and Lisbon tram 28 is the jewel among them. The 28 tram connects Martim Moniz with Campo Ourique, and passes through the popular tourist districts of Alfama, Baixa and Chiado.

 By nextvoyage- Pixabay 

Belém Tower

贝伦塔  位于 塔霍河河口 , 建于1514年, 用来防御贝伦区的港口,以及附近的哲罗姆派修道院。 塔内贡奉的是里斯本守护神-圣·维森特。后来逐渐转型为海关、电报收发塔和灯塔,也曾经是大航海家门的起始点。

By Nicole Pankalla - Pixabay

Jeronimos Monastery

The monastery is one of the most prominent examples of the Portuguese Late Gothic Style, known as Manueline style of architecture, a Portuguese Gothic that developed under the reign of King Manuel I.  It was classified a UNESCO World Heritage Site, along with the nearby Tower of Belém in 1983. The monastery was built to commemorate the triumphant return of Vasco da Gama from India.  It is elaborately carved to show the glorious wealth that the age of exploration brought to the Portuguese empire. A Lisbon’s must-see marvel!

Vasco da Gama

Portuguese navigator who established the sea link between Portugal and India (1497-1498), thus setting a new trade route which for over a century, would grant the Portuguese supremacy in the Indian Ocean. His tomb lies just inside the entrance to Santa Maria church located inside the monastery. 

Monument of the Discoveries

This stunning monument was built in 1960 to commemorate the 500th anniversary of the death of Prince Henry the Navigator (1394-1460), one of the great Portuguese Discoverers.  He was a central figure in the 15th-century European maritime discoveries. He discovered the Azores, Madeira and Cape Verde.

Leading the ship is Prince Henry the Navigator and behind him are 33 other great Portuguese discoverers of that era, including explorers, cartographers, artists, scientists, poets and missionaries. The courage and bravery of the Portuguese navigators crossing the world and discovered new lands was unforgettable to the world!

Try to identify the main navigators, such as Bartholomew Dias – who crossed the Cape of Torments; Vasco da Gama – who discovered the maritime route to India; Pedro Álvares Cabral – who discovered Brazil; and Magellan – the first European to cross the southern Pacific and circumnavigate the earth, which verified that the Earth was round. Come and make your own discoveries!

Compass Rose

The magnificence of the Compass Rose, a marble mosaic at the foot of the Monument that represents a compass, with the world map and the routes of the Discoveries. It’s a gift from Republic of South Africa.

25th of April Bridge

25th of April is the longest suspension bridge in Europe. It has two levels, the top level is for cars and the lower, which was added in 1999 is for trains.

It connects the city of Lisbon to the municipality of Almada. It was inaugurated on August 6, 1966 and was named Salazar Bridge, after António de Oliveira Salazar, dictator of Portugal until 1974. After the Carnation Revolution that took place on the 25 April 1974 and Salazar’s regime was overturned, the Bridge was given the name of 25th of April.

Cristo Rei National Sanctuary

Located in Almada, on the south bank of Tagus river, Cristo Rei is a sanctuary and a religious monument representing the Sacred Heart of Jesus. This majestic 110 meter high building was inaugurated in 1959.